Greek Architecture

Caryatides statues were placed on artchitechture temples and were sometimes a replacement for the colums.

The Caryatides seen above are upright statues of women who are depicted as having such grace and elegance.  They are carrying a basket of live reeds used as support for the temple.  Caryatides would sometimes replace the Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian column.  This particular one is located in Athens, Greece and is called The Caryatid Porch of the Erechtheion (an ancient greek temple) Athens 421-407 BC.  They also have the originals ones in London.

Classical Greek Architecture is known for its peculiar style.  It came to rise as the Greeks grew in their accomplishments, strong domestic organizations, pride in their people and improving techniques.  The Greeks were ready to dominant the world with their classy columns and horizontal beams called entablatures.  The columns have several styles but three stood out the most.  Doric order, which showed a solid strength and simplicity.  The Ionic order portrayed an aura of significance and sophistication.  Also, the Corinthian order that stood for imperial wealth and great importance.

This is a quote from the Book Greek Art by John Boardman describing the Parthenon from today’s outlook.  “I would say that the Parthenon now is probably much more impressive than when it was first made.  You feel the spaces much more, and the openings, and the fact it’s not solid throughout and that the light comes in, makes it into a piece of sculputure and not, as it was before, a building with four external sides.  It’s completely spatial  now.”  (spatial meaning existing or occuring in space)

Closer look at the Greek order of colums. Notice how from Doric to Corinthian the sophistication becomes more apparent.

The Parthenon in Athens still stands today.  The Athens believed “art would capture the essencce of human form and feeling.”  Adventures in the Human Spirit.  This temple is to the Greek Goddess Athena.

Here shows other ways the column were used. They would place vases on them that may sit inside a temple for all to see.

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